Tinnitus evaluation and Treatment
What is tinnitus?
Tinnitus is the perception of sound when no actual external noise is present. While it is commonly referred to as “ringing in the ears”, tinnitus can manifest many different perceptions of sound including buzzing, hissing, whistling, swooshing and clicking. Tinnitus can be both temporary and permanent, it can be heard in one ear, both ears or even not localised to the ears and heard in the head.
It is important to note that tinnitus is not a disease. While tinnitus is a symptom of a wide range of conditions, it is most frequent the result noise induced hearing loss.
Common causes of Tinnitus
- Exposure to loud noises
- Earwax build-up
- Ear infection
- Meniere’s disease
- Head and neck injuries
- Benign tumours of the cranial nerve
Many ENT/Audiologist now offer treatment for tinnitus, based on the individual patient’s needs. The treatment may include:
- Medication for a medical condition
- Adjustment to current medication or an explanation of the condition and its relation to tinnitus
- Counselling, relaxation therapy and stress management
- Use of hearing aids, maskers and environmental sound enrichment.